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SILVER MUSTARD POT
- London 1798 -
Antique late Georgian cylindrical mustard pot, made of
solid sterling silver, with original cobalt blue liner, assayed
in London 1798 by the silversmiths Samuel Godbehere, Edward
Wigan and William Abdy II.
The mustard pot is made of rolled silver, cut and seamed to
make the upright shape, with a sheet soldered in place to form
the flat base and a cover also of sheet silver. The light
slicing and pushing-in of the surface, a technique called bright
cutting, was a new type of decoration appropriate for the
thinner-walled silver used at the end of the eighteenth century.
The body is pierced and brigth-cut with a band of fleur-de-lys
and has an oval cartouche, made of a ring of flowers and
festoons, which is free of a crest or initials.
The hinged and reeded cover features a band of scrolls, is
engraved with the initials ML and is raised by means of an
unpierced loop thumbpiece. The spoon aperture is cut opposite
the reeded scrolled loop handle.
The bottom of the mustard pot is hallmarked with the crowned
leopard’s head for the London Assay Office, lion passant
denoting solid sterling silver, date letter "C" for 1798, head
of King George III stamp denoting payment of duty to the Crown
and the maker’s mark ‘SG over EW in a rectangle’ standing for
the silversmiths Samuel Godbehere and Edward Wigan (entered
The lion passant mark and maker’s mark ‘W.A in a rectangle’standing
for the silversmith William Abdy II are punched inside the lid.
The mustard pot is 64 mm high and 58,5 mm wide (88 mm
including the handle). Weigth of silver is 81 grams and total
weigth of the mustard pot is 209 grams.
William Abdy I was succeeded in September 1790 by his son
William Abdy II and by Samuel Godbehere. So both silversmiths
appeared to have been involved with the manufacture of this type
of object more generally (info received from the librarian of
the Goldsmiths’ Company operating the Assay Office London).
W.A in a rectangle stands for William Abdy II, son of
William Abdy I. Free by patrimony 4 April 1781, when he is
described as goldsmith. Livery February 1791. First mark entered
15 September 1790, shortly after his father’s death. Second mark
16 October 1790. William Abdy II moved to 11 Wilson Street,
Finsbury on 3 February 1821. Resigned from Livery 1823, by which
date retirement from trade may be assumed (London Goldsmiths
1697-1837 - Their Marks & Lives, p. 419).
Samuel Godbehere entered his first mark as a plateworker the
20th November 1784. Address : 86 Cheapside, London and the 27th
November 1784 he entered his second mark.
His third mark was in partnership with Edward Wigan, 13
September 1786. The fourth mark with the same, 14 August 1789.
Fifth mark 26 July 1792.
His sixth mark was with Edward Wigan and James Bult entered as S
Godbehere & Co on the 15th March 1800, when he signs as
Goodbehere as opposed to Godbehere in the first entries. His
seventh mark, in partnership with James Bult only, 16 September
This partnership was apparently dissolved by 13 July 1819, when
Bult’s mark alone was entered. Samuel Godbehere married Miss
Wood of Great George Street, Westminster on 13 November 1790.
Heal records him as succeeding James Stamp , goldsmith and
jeweller, 86 Cheapside, next Mercers’ Chapel, 1784; with Wigan
as plateworkers, Cheapside, 1786; and as Godbehere, Wigan & Co
(late Mr. Stamp’s), working goldsmiths, at the same address,
Godbehere had power of attorney to sign the entry of William
Bottle’s mark, a Bath goldsmith, 6 March 1800. A George Fred.
Bult also had power of attorney in 1831 for James Burden of Bath,
which suggest a fairly long connection of the Cheapside
establishment with Bath goldsmiths, perhaps as supplying the
latter with London goods (London Goldsmiths 1697-1837 - Their
Marks & Lives, p. 524).
- 2009 -