ASCAS Association of Small Collectors of Antique Silvernewsletter # 122 July 2014 SITE MAP
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A new article for ASCAS website

Duty Drawback Mark.  Struck at a right angle to and to the right of the other marks
David McKinley presents:

The Duty and Exportation Marks On English Silver Plate English version

Duty, of 6d. per troy oz, was first levied on plate sent in for hallmarking in the act of 1719 which took affect on 1st June 1720. No mark was struck on plate at this time as a receipt for this tax although the introduction of a crowned date letter was considered. The tax was abolished by an Act of 1758 and, following complaints of its inequity, was replaced by a flat fee of £2.00 per annum levied on all makers.
The same duty was reintroduced however in 1784 and this time receipt for the tax was identified by the striking of a mark on all plate sent in for assay. The mark was initially an intaglio of the monarchs bust in an octagonal outline (Fig 1) and it came into use on the 1st December 1784. This was the Government's third attempt to raise funds by taxing plate. In 1756 a bill had been introduced to tax the mere possession of plate over 100 oz. but this was found difficult to administer and it was repealed in 1777......

click here English version

New members

Welcome to new ASCAS members:

Tamara Adams Gathright - USA
Jose M. Boronat - USA
Paul Drewe - Australia
Carl Peterson - USA
Adelina Sallé - France
Mitch Wilkins - USA
Frank W. Wilson - England UK

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Neale and Nessie Talbot-Scobie write:
...can you help? We have this tea set, teapot milk & sugar. We do not know from whence it came.
It is stamped SILVER with the letter K above and a six pointed star with an 8 stamped inside it at the end of "SILVER", there is also a punched dot under "SILVER".
The set was a lucky buy and no information came with it.
We would like to know where it came from and if it is 800 silver.
Any information would be appreciated.
Thank you.
Nessie and Neale,

Audra Poland writes:
... I have tried looking up information about this creamer and sugar silver (photo's attached) set from my Grandmom's estate for the last couple of years off and on and have not found anything even close to them. I have even contacted Antique Roadshow and other major professionals and either they have not responded, or do not know the maker. Closest I found similar to these were from Georg Jensen.
Both items are silver, with dual solid wood handles that have been screwed in from the bottom of the handle. I can not see any hallmarking stamp anywhere. She left behind numerous collectible items from her travels around the world, mostly from Sweden, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland. When her and my Grandpop were younger they collected a lot of items including diamonds, silver, coins etc.. most from 1800's to about 1920's.
This set I have had trouble identifying. Would you have any information you could pass onto me? Any help would be tremendously appreciated.
Thank You for your time.
Audra Poland

Manuel Ponce writes:
...Does anyone know anything about the style and when was this salver made?
Their measures are 38,5 cm. round, 3cm high and 727gr. weight. It has a nice patina made for the age. It has been analysed and it is sterling silver. It was sold as produced in XIXth century.
My impression is: it was made at Spain by the end of XVIIIth to first XIXth century or perhaps later. There are no maker's stamps and any official assay either, may be to avoiding paying taxes or perhaps not being the silver artisan identified, since the scene could being censured. It seems that mostly of XVIIth century Sevillan silver was made without any marks.
The scene of the tray represents the celebration of feast of fertility of Lupercalia with fertility rites, with the god and the goddess Pan, the queen of fertility, and a woman making love with the god Pan. And the heads of three devils.
Many thanks for your help,
Manuel Ponce

Laurence Joyce writes:
...The attached photograph shows marks on a large Spanish serving spoon for Madrid c1762 (assay master Eugenio Melcon).
I have been unable to identify the maker's mark ML/ERRZ or the crest
Thanks for your help
Laurence Joyce

Replies to questions

Paola Continella receives these answers about the maker of his spoon
(see June 2014 Newsletter)
Pierre Gagnaux writes
The hallmarks on the Swiss spoon you identify are for François Barbier(Barbin) in Geneva born in 15 November 17618 and died the 25 June 1798, maitre orfèvre the 26 December 1749.
Pierre Gagnaux
Charles C. Cage writes
Paola Continella's spoon is Swiss, from Geneva. The mark with the eagle (actually an eagle impaled with a key, the city arms of Geneva) is that of the guild warden, with his initials "IIG": Jean-Jacques Girod, who served as warden 1732-1734 and again 1760-1762. The other mark - "FB" crowned, above a star - is that of the maker François Barbier [also Barbin] (1718-1798). As Barbier became a master on 26 Dec 1749, the spoon must date from warden Girod's second term, 1760-1762.
Also, as the item bears both these marks, it indicates it is of the first standard of purity: 11 deniers (.916). [Ref: Pierre-François deVevey, Manuel des Orfèvres de Suisse Romande (Fribourg: Sotheby's Office du Livre, 1985), pp. 54-55 & 70. Mark 239a.]
Charles C. Cage
Christophe Ginter writes
regarding Paola Continella's request: Obviously a Swiss spoon, sterling silver 916/1000, Geneva. The maker with initials "FB" is François BARBIER, born in Geneva in 1718, appointed master end of 1749.
The other mark stands for GENEVA, the initials IIG for the guild warden ("Garde") Jean Jacques GIROD who served during two periods, 1732-1734, then 1760-1762.
As François Barbier is registered only in 1749, it may be hence concluded that the precise dating of the spoon is 1760-1762.
Christophe Ginter

Yosef Shlingbaum receives this answer about his filigree box
(see June 2014 Newsletter)
Joseph Scerri writes
From the Book Antique Maltese Domestic Silver I found the mark T.M. The maker is the silversmith T. Micallef, 2 Jan 1909
Joseph Scerri

Reg Lennox receives this answer about his Portuguese flatware
(see June 2014 Newsletter)
Charles C. Cage writes
The maker's mark on Reg Lennox's Portuguese flatware is that of José Lino da Rocha of Porto, registered in 1960 and converted in 1988 to a limited liability company (José Lino da Rocha L.da). The company is still operating, but I was not able to identify the pattern name. [Ref: Manuel Goncalves Vidal & Fernando Moitinho de Almeida, Marcas de Contraste e Ourives Portugueses, v. II 1887-1993, 4th ed. (Lisbon: Impresa Nacional - Casa da Moeda, 1997), p. 388, mark 3796.]
Charles C. Cage

Allen Carlson receives this answer about his cake knife
(see June 2014 Newsletter)
Ole Lachmann writes
I own an identical cake knife. It seems to be made for the Lily of the Valley pattern - for a number of years known in the USA as Rose pattern.
Ole Lachmann


In this column we presents a page obtained from makers' brochures, books, auction catalogs, advertising or whatever other printed paper, related to silver, that may be of interest for ASCAS members.
The images will be published at a "low resolution" level and for private and personal use only.
This column is published under the kind permission of Giorgio Busetto's website home page

Jennings Bros. Manufacturing Co, factory image (c. 1903)
This month ASCAS presents an ancient image of the factory:


The firm was founded in 1890 in Bridgeport (Conn.) as manufacturer of jewelry boxes, candelabra, clocks, bookends, statues and silverplate flatware. In 1906 a salesroom was opened in New York.
Jennings produced a large variety of items made in "ormolu" (trademark J.B. 'Ormolu Gold') and bronze ('Nouveau Bronze'). In the 1890's/1900's the firm patented various design in 'Art Nouveau' style for clock cases and candelabra bases.
Jennings Bros. Mfg Co production is marked J.B. accompanied by a factory or catalog number (3 or 4 digits). In some cases the item is marked "Trademark J.B. Signifies the Best".
The firm went out of business in 1953 and the dies were purchased and used by another company to manufacture cheaper replicas of the original production.

This image is part of the FACTORIES, PLANTS, SALESROOMS, SHOPS AND WORKSHOPS: OLD IMAGES section of website


In this column we present an abstract from a page of the "What is? Silver Dictionary"
courtesy of home page leave your LIKE on facebook
silver ceremonial trowel


The trowel is a tool used by bricklayers having a triangular metal blade attached to a wooden handle. Silver or silverplate examples were used since the 19th century in occasion of ceremonies of laying the foundation stone of public buildings.
In this case the blade was engraved with an inscription commemorating the event. more




In this column we present marks, information and history of silversmiths and silver manufacturers.
This column is published under the kind permission of Giorgio Busetto's website home page


The firm had its origin in the mid 18th century coming into control of John William Thomas in 1848. After his death (1852) the firm was managed by his two sons, John William Thomas II (apprenticed to his father in 1840, obtained his freedom in 1847) and Francis Boone Thomas. Francis Boone Thomas was apprenticed to his father in 1847 and after his father's death was turned to his brother John William Thomas II, obtaining the freedom in 1854.
The firm (trading as retail silversmiths) was known as J.W. Thomas & Son or as J.W & F.B. Thomas...



In this column we present images and descriptions of Crests and Mottoes of British, Irish and Scottish families as engraved on silver items.
This column is published under the kind permission of Giorgio Busetto's website home page



family crest: BRUCE on a silver ladle hallmarked Edinburgh 1812

A crest used by Scottish and English families.
The crest is described as a lion passant
The Latin motto is "Fuimus" (We have been)
The crest was found on a sterling silver ladle, hallmarked Edinburgh 1812, maker Alexander Henderson
family crest: BRUCE on a silver ladle hallmarked Edinburgh 1812 family crest: BRUCE on a silver ladle hallmarked Edinburgh 1812

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Closing our JULY 2014 edition of ASCAS Newsletter I hope you have appreciated its content.
Your comments, suggestions and advice will be of great help.

My thanks to Charles C. Cage, Pierre Gagnaux, Christophe Ginter, Laurence Joyce, Ole Lachmann, David McKinley, Audra Poland, Manuel Ponce, Joseph Scerri, Neale and Nessie Talbot-Scobie, for their precious contributions.

Giorgio Busetto
ASCAS is a community of people having a common interest in antique silver.
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