Prof. David N. Nikogosyan
'CAT' marks of Christofle foreign branches operated
between 1910 and 1940
.....In 1854 (or 1856), the famous French silversmith
company Christofle opened its first branch at Karlsruhe,
Germany (at that time Grossherzogtum Baden or Grand
Duchy of Baden). The reason for moving the manufacturing
abroad was purely economic, namely, to reduce the huge
custom taxes. The scheme was very simple: the
semi-finished product, fully prepared for silver-plating,
was made in Paris, while its silvering took place in
Karlsruhe. Further the Karlsruhe foundry opened its own
subsidiary company in Vienna, Austro-Hungary.....
Welcome to new ASCAS members:
Joy Aumiller - USA
Chitra Balasubramaniam - India
Katherine Blair - USA
Jonathan Bovee - USA
Hélène Boyance - French Polynesia
John Christman - USA
Daniel Figueiredo - Brazil
Daniela Fioretti - Italy
Ann Hill - USA
Sam Hill - England UK
Raven Ivanov - USA
Marguerite Lee de Hirschmann - Guatemala
Luis Castelo Lopes - Portugal
Carol Silverman - USA
Simon Sullivan - Malta
Robert L. Walden - USA
Members' Window # 82
C. Bruno Bruni presents:
Niello Silver from Vienna
Georg Adam Scheid was born in Schönau Baden, Württemberg
on July 28 1837. He started his apprenticeship in 1853
and operated afterwards in Pforzheim and Stuttgart. In
1858 he came to Vienna and entered the workshop of the
gold, silver goods producer and jeweler Michael
Markowitsch. He married one of Markowitsch's daughters
and in 1862 the company was renamed Markowitsch & Scheid
and adopted the mark M & S. It was located in
Sandwirtgasse 8, and then in Gumpendorfer Straße 83....
Luis Castelo Lopes writes:
... Please find here some photos of a silver salver (diameter 56
cm. - 1926 grams) which bears the hallmarks of Palermo, could
you please confirm that and tell me if the mark is from the 17th
or from the 18th century?
In my opinion there is a Dutch or German influence what do you
Luis Castelo Lopes
The mark belongs to Pietro Guarnuto, Console degli
Argentieri (Alderman) from 1/7/1667 to 26/6/1668.
I do not know if there was a German influence, but a 17th
century Nurnberg plate with floral decorations is present in a
Any suggestion by ASCAS members will be welcome
Ronald Dewar writes:
... I would very much appreciate your help in identifying this
silver casket. The photograph comes from an album belonging to my
grand / great grand parents and I am trying to find out what the
connection there is to this casket.
I hope you can tell me who it was made for and what occasion it
The casket is described as "DESIGNED & MANUFACTURED BY
GEORGE EDWARD & SONS - GLASGOW & LONDON"
George Edward & Sons was a retail business established in
Glasgow in 1838.
The firm opened (probably in 1874) a London branch at Mansion
House Buildings, 19 Poultry, Cheapside.
In 1925 the firm was converted into Edward & Sons Ltd and was
still active in 1963 at St. Vincent Street, Glasgow. Some years
later it was sold to Mappin & Webb Ltd.
Presumably your photo refers to the period 1874/1925.
I'm sorry, but, in this case, I'm unable to identify the
The literature about Birmingham silver hallmarks of the early
20th century is scarce, but I trust in the help of ASCAS members
for the identification of the mark (a possible addition to my
Tobacconists, Pipe Makers and Pipe Mounters hallmarks in
Suggestions are needed
A PREVIEW OF THE NEW BRITISH COMMEMORATIVE HALLMARK
A special commemorative hallmark has been designed to celebrate
the Queen's Diamond Jubilee.
The mark, depicting a young Queen Elizabeth wearing an oversized
crown, will be available as an optional mark in combination with
the statutory hallmark from 1 July 2011 until 1 October 2012.
Emil Fonfoneata writes:
... In the last newsletter there has been a question of Pierre Bertrand who has several
forks and spoons.
They are all 19th Century made in Belgium, silver standard 2 = 800/1000%.
The first item on the left, silversmith letter H for HUBEN HENDRIK is a silversmith who was
active in Mechelen from 1847 until 1868.
The second silversmith letter B for Bousin-Bonnevie from Brussels active from 1878 until 1911.
The third silversmith letter D for Delheid freres Brussels active from 1862 until 1980.
The fourth silversmith letter B for Bonnevie Emile Adolphe active in Brussels from 1864 until 1878.
They are regular items on the Belgian market.
Oskar M. Zurell writes:
... Also after an intensive internet-research it was until yet impossible for me to find
any copy of basics of Austrian Assay rules for the time span of 1872 (actually I haven't any
possibility for a local Archive research in Vienna).
So I could repeat only the information on that theme, taken out of Waltraud Neuwirth information:
" 1872, April 1 Act of March 10, 1872, comes into force:
all marks have to include the letter of the Assay Office (pl. 7). The letter alone is
used for smaller components of an object; if it is not possible to strike it because of the
smallness of these components, it has to be placed beside the mark on the main part of the
Source: Waltraud Neuwirth,'Wiener Gold- und Silberschmiede und ihre Punzen 1867-1922', volume I,
page 48; in 2 volumen: ISBN 3-900282-00-5
Oskar M. Zurell
In this column we present a page
obtained from makers' brochures, books, auction catalogs,
advertising or whatever other printed paper, related to silver,
that may be of interest for ASCAS members.
The images will be published at a "low resolution" level and for
private and personal use only
This month ASCAS presents an ancient
advertisement of Rogers & Bro
A PRACTICAL NOVELTY
The ORANGE PEELER hereon illustrated is
conceded by all who have used it to be perfect in
its operation, neatly removing the peel without
soiling the fingers.
Made in table and pocket sizes, assorted patterns
and finishes. Table size put up six in plush lined
paper box; pocket size each in leather sheath in
PRICE FOR EACH $ 6.00 PER DOZEN
"A WORD per MONTH"
A silver buckle is a type of fastener for a belt,
girdle, etc.; first developed in England in the late
17th century, buckles were used there to replace
shoe-laces. Later buckles, of various shapes and sizes,
were used for other purposes, and were sometimes
attached as an ornament to a ribbon worn around a
woman's neck; a buckle is also used, as a fastener or as
an ornament, on some shoes or on a wristband...
"A SILVERSMITH per MONTH"
MARTIN, HALL & CO LTD
The origin of the firm is
in the partnership established in 1820 in Sheffield by
Henry Wilkinson and John Roberts who traded as Wilkinson
& Roberts. Wilkinson left the business in 1836 and in
1846 John Roberts entered in partnership with Ebenezer
Hall (his apprentice in 1836) under the style Roberts &
In 1854 entered into the partnership Richard Martin (of
Martin Brothers & Naylor) and Joshua Hall (brother of
Ebenezer Hall) under the style Martin, Hall & Co. In
1866 the firm was converted into a Ltd....
"A BOOK ON MY SHELF"
In this column we present books, new
or ancient, dealing with silver in all its aspects (history,
marks, oddities...). This isn't a "book review" but only a fair
presentation of some useful "tools" that anyone may have in the
shelf of his bookcase.
ASCAS members are invited to contribute to this column
(click to enlarge images)
The "book on my shelf" of this month presents:
English, Irish and Scottish 1660-1980
by Ian Pickford
published for the Antique Collectors' Club
by The Antique Collectors' Club Ltd
Baron Publishing, Woodbridge, Suffolk
Since the study and collecting of silver
flatware is so satisfying it is surprising that
this is the first detailed work published in the
This book provides a superb opportunity for the
would-be collector actually to start acquiring
pieces with which to set a table of silver that
is a pleasure to look at as well as handle. By
diligent searching one can build up, for
relatively modest sums, a service of one of the
many patterns discussed and, according to one's
finances, it can be of early or late date, rare
As well as the wide-ranging look at flatware
patterns the author also discusses in detail
flatware makers, stylistic developments, quality,
repairs, fakes, forgeries and alterations, as
well as the marking of flatware.
Written by an expert this is the ideal book with
which to study a fascinating collection subject.
"A CREST per MONTH"
In this column we present images and
descriptions of Crests and Mottoes of British, Irish and
Scottish families as engraved on silver items.
MACKAY - M'CAA - M'CASKILL - M'QUIE
Scottish and Lancashire (M'Quie)
A dexter cubit arm, erect, in hand a dagger and the
motto Manu Forti (With a strong hand)
The crest was found on a silver plate food cover made by
Elkington & Co
Closing our March 2011 edition of ASCAS
Newsletter I hope you have appreciated its content.
Your comments, suggestions and advice will be of great help.
My thanks to John Alejandro,
Joy Aumiller, C. Bruno Bruni, Ronald Dewar, Jayne Dye, Piero
Eduardo, Emil Fonfoneata, Luis Castelo Lopes, Prof. David N.
Nikogosyan and Oskar M. Zurell for their invaluable contributions.
ASCAS is a community of people having a common
interest in antique silver.
It is a non-profit association without commercial links.
Membership is open to whomever has a true interest in
this subject matter.
ASCAS has no real property and no fees are requested nor
accepted from members.
ASCAS keeps in touch with its members only through
periodical newsletters, e-mails and web-site updating
and ignores and is not responsible for any other
activity pursued by its members.
Likewise, ASCAS is not responsible for opinions,
evaluation and images displayed, and in any form
published or supplied for publication, by its members
who, in any case, maintain the property of their works
and assure the respect of national and international
legislation about Intellectual Property.
ASCAS does not have the full addresses of its members (only
town, country and e-mail address are requested for
ASCAS handles and protects with care its members' e-mail
addresses, will not disclose the addresses to third
parties, will use this information only to reply to
requests received from members and for communications
strictly related to its activity.
These rules are expressly accepted by submitting the